The earliest settlers arrived around 800 AD, part of a steady migration of ancient Vikings from Western Norway via Scotland and Ireland.  The country was remote and fertile, a good place to make a new beginning.  Remnants of the early settlements are located in beautiful valleys that extend down to the sea and modern-day villages still flourish where the ancient Vikings established their homesteads.

Although the country is remote and relatively unknown, and while sheep still out-number the population of some 47,000, the country is quite sophisticated.  Almost every family has a computer, the outer islands are wirelessly linked to the Internet, mobile telephones are ubiquitous, and even grandmothers use PDAs to make their grocery lists.