The Faroe Islands are situated at 62°N in the heart of the North Atlantic, midway between Iceland and Norway and some 186 miles north of Scotland.
The archipelago is composed of 18 islands covering 1,399 sq km (545.3 sq miles) and is 113 km (70 miles) long and 75 km (47 miles) wide, roughly in the shape of an arrowhead. There are 1,100 km (687 miles) of coastline and at no time is one more than 5 km (3 miles) away from the ocean. The highest mountain is 882 m (2883 ft) above sea level and the average height of the Faroes above sea level is 300 m (982 ft).
The Faroe Islands are remnants of a vast volcanic plateau, believed to be some 50 - 60 million years old. Layer upon layer of lava and ash were laid down over the millennia, giving the Faroe Islands a distinctive layer-cake look that is especially unique. Geologists love to wander the mountains and valleys, looking for traces of volcanic sills or the scoring of glaciers. There are small amounts of coal as well, derived from relatives of the giant sequoias of the western United States.
The archipelago is essentially arrowhead shaped, with the point to the south. The islands, for the most part, are divided by narrow sounds. The western shoreline of most of the islands is dominated by soaring cliffs, while the eastern shore is cleft with broad fjords. The headland of Enniberg on the island of Nor›oy, which soars over 2450 feet straight up, is considered the highest promontory in the world.